Resistance training, also known as strength training, is a type of physical exercise that involves lifting weights or using resistance to build muscle strength and endurance. For athletes, resistance training can provide a range of benefits that can improve performance, reduce the risk of injury, and help them achieve their goals
One of the key benefits of resistance training for athletes is increased strength and power.
As Peterson, Rhea, and Alvar (2004) noted in their meta-analysis, resistance training programs can lead to significant improvements in strength and power for athletes, and higher training volumes (i.e., more sets and reps) were associated with greater improvements. By lifting weights and working with resistance, athletes can develop stronger muscles that can generate more force and power during athletic movements. This increased strength and power can translate to improved performance in sports that require explosive movements such as sprinting, jumping, and throwing.
Another benefit of resistance training for athletes is improved muscle endurance. As Sundstrup et al. (2013) found in their randomized trial, resistance training can improve muscle function and fatigue resistance in patients with knee osteoarthritis, suggesting that resistance training may be beneficial for athletes looking to improve their muscular endurance. By working with resistance over time, athletes can develop the ability to maintain muscular contractions for longer periods of time. This improved endurance can be particularly beneficial for endurance athletes such as runners or cyclists, who need to maintain a high level of muscular activity for extended periods of time.
Resistance training can also help athletes reduce the risk of injury. By strengthening the muscles and connective tissues that support the joints, athletes can improve their overall joint stability and reduce the risk of injury during athletic movements. Additionally, resistance training can help correct muscle imbalances and improve overall posture, reducing the risk of injury due to poor biomechanics.
Kinesiology, the study of human movement, can be of great service to athletes who are interested in incorporating resistance training into their training program. As Peterson et al. (2004) noted, a kinesiologist can help athletes design resistance training programs that are tailored to their specific needs and goals. They can also provide guidance on proper form and technique, which can help reduce the risk of injury and ensure that athletes are getting the most benefit from their workouts.
Additionally, kinesiologists can provide ongoing support and guidance to athletes as they progress through their training program. They can help athletes track their progress and make adjustments to their training as needed to ensure continued improvement.
Wildewood Health has an advanced sports performance program for every athlete looking to advance their physical abilities.
Peterson, M. D., Rhea, M. R., & Alvar, B. A. (2004). Maximizing strength development in athletes: a meta-analysis to determine the dose-response relationship. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 18(2), 377-382.
Sundstrup, E., Jakobsen, M. D., Andersen, L. L., Andersen, T. R., Andersen, L. J., & Suetta, C. (2013). Muscle function and fatigue resistance during isotonic versus isokinetic strength training in patients with knee osteoarthritis: a randomized trial. Archives of physical medicine and rehabilitation